Family Governance: A Key to Maintaining Your Legacy
By Melanie Schmieding, Director of Baird Family Wealth
There’s an old adage that goes “In the absence of information, we tell ourselves stories.” Without sufficient information, the members of your family may be reduced to telling themselves stories about what the family’s intentions and motives are. And when you’re setting up a legacy plan that extends across generations, it’s vital that there is ample information available to everyone and to create transparency across all members of the family. That’s the role of a family governance plan.
Effective family governance empowers a family to govern its wealth and enterprises as a cohesive unit. It sets forth how a family will make collaborative decisions and what roles and responsibilities exist for each of the family members. By creating an explicit set of parameters that are agreed to by all, a good governance plan limits room for misinterpretations and allows the positive, accurate information to flow.
Increased Numbers = More Complexity
In larger family systems, it can be challenging to maintain effective communication across all members. Breakdowns in communication can often lead to distrust.
In addition, it is the nature of families to grow over time. As the family includes new members, a more diverse set of values, goals, and needs will emerge, often leading to the lack of unification or shared purpose. Things that were once accomplished easily may now become difficult at best. For example, decisions previously made by the patriarch and matriarch may eventually need to be made by multiple family member stakeholders.
Uniting Around Shared Purposes
It can be overwhelming to know where to start in setting up the right governance structures, policies, and procedures for your family. An important first step is to collaboratively establish your family values, vision, and mission.
- Your values are guides to your internal behavior. They guide you in making decisions. They are foundational in establishing who you want to be together as a group.
- Your vision is the driving force behind your family. It’s the ultimate aspiration that unites you. It is your version of an ideal future, and it will give people a reason to join you.
- Your mission keeps you on track. It encompasses the steps you will take to achieve your vision. Your mission tells people: “This is what we plan to do for you and why.”
Each of these elements, working in concert with one another, define your shared purpose. They answer: “What are you uniting for and around? How do you plan to be together? Why?”
What Governance Looks Like
Once your family has developed its shared purpose, there are several types of governance structures, policies, protocols, agreements, and decision-making frameworks to consider. Each family is unique, so what is right for you may not be right for another.
The most utilized form of family governance is the constitution, a document that sets forth broad principles and policies in areas that are identified by the family as needed. It’s recommended that a constitution include at least the following five sections:
- Values, vision, and mission
- Leadership structure
- Decision-making framework
- Communication standards
- Process for amending the document
It’s important to have these agreements in writing. As your family expands and new members join, it will be easier to convey your vision with a formal written document.
Special Concerns for Business Owners
Keeping your family governance separate from any operating business governance is also a key to success. One example: Many families choose to set up family councils to formalize a leadership structure that is responsible for upholding the family constitution and representing the family’s interests with various boards of directors that connect to operating businesses. Other forms of governance you may want to implement include things like a code of conduct, a social media policy, shared use agreements for vacation homes or aircraft, a risk management policy, or other various agreements.
To learn more about how you can incorporate family governance into your wealth planning, reach out to our team.
The information reflected on this page are Baird expert opinions today and are subject to change. The information provided here has not taken into consideration the investment goals or needs of any specific investor and investors should not make any investment decisions based solely on this information. Past performance is not a guarantee of future results. All investments have some level of risk, and investors have different time horizons, goals and risk tolerances, so speak to your Baird Financial Advisor before taking action.